designed to rise at least 500 feet (152 m) that were designed and proposed for construction in Chicago, yet were never built. Pope Paul VI called her Mother of the Church because, by giving birth to Christ, she is considered to be the spiritual mother to each member of the Body of Christ. All clergy, whether deacons, priests or bishops, may preach, teach, baptise, witness marriages and conduct funeral liturgies. Cyprian expressly terms the Roman See the Chair. As the Father gave authority to Christ (Jn 5:22; Mt 28:1820 Christ passed it on to his apostles (Lk 10:16 and they passed it on to the successors they appointed as bishops." (see also Kreeft,. Retrieved Peter and Margaret Hebblethwaite and Peter Stanford. 14: "Thus what should have been a religious bond was, on the contrary, a subject of discord and sparked off bitter conflicts between Arian barbarians and Catholic Romans." Le Goff,. Catholics worldwide as of 2017. 86 "Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy Sacrosanctum Concilium". North Franklin 700 (214) West Randolph 680 (207) 58 2019 Approved in July 2018. The position of cardinal is a rank of honour bestowed by popes on certain clergy, such as leaders within the Roman Curia, bishops serving in major cities and distinguished theologians. Catholic Church (disambiguation) and, catholic (disambiguation). 225 The church has always been involved in education, since the founding of the first universities of Europe. 163 When adults are baptised, confirmation is normally given immediately afterwards, 164 a practice followed even with newly baptised infants in the Eastern Catholic Churches.